Diabetes

Fat-regulating enzyme could hold key to preventing cancer, diabetes and other diseases

18 Sep 2017 --- Scientists at Rutgers University-New Brunswick in the US have found that getting rid of the enzyme known as phosphatidic acid phosphatase can increase the risk of cancer, diabetes, inflammation and other medical issues. Their findings were published online in the Journal of Biological Chemistry last month.

Artificial sweeteners linked to increased diabetes risk, ISA refutes small scale study

15 Sep 2017 --- New research presented this week at the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) in Lisbon, Portugal, has suggested that consuming large amounts of artificial sweeteners may increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. In response, the International Sweeteners Association (ISA) has issued a strongly-worded statement on the research saying that it “would like to draw attention to the overwhelming body of evidence, including from studies by the same Australian research team, showing that low-calorie sweeteners do not affect glucose control.”

 

Blood biomarkers prove pivotal role of food for diabetes risk

14 Sep 2017 --- Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology and Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden, have found that several diet and nutrient biomarkers – molecules that can be measured in blood that are related to diet – are linked with both risk to have Type 2 diabetes and future risk of developing diabetes.

 

Biochemists dip into the anti-diabetic benefits of olives and olive oil

13 Sep 2017 --- A research team at Virginia Tech university in the US has discovered that the olive-derived compound oleuropein helps the body secrete more insulin, the central signaling molecule in the body that controls metabolism. The same compound also detoxifies the signaling molecule amylin that over-produces and forms harmful aggregates in Type 2 diabetes, according to the study. In these two distinct ways, oleuropein has been found to help prevent the onset of disease.

Substance found in coffee could help to delay onset of Type 2 diabetes

08 Sep 2017 --- Scientists have reported that a previously untested compound in coffee seems to improve cell function and insulin sensitivity in laboratory mice. The findings, which appear in a study in the American Chemical Society’s (ACS) Journal of Natural Products, could spur the development of new drugs to treat or even prevent Type 2 diabetes. In recent years, researchers have identified substances in coffee that could help to deal with the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, a disease that nearly 30 million Americans suffer from. But few of these have been tested in animals.

Natural compounds in cocoa could delay onset of type 2 diabetes

30 Aug 2017 --- There is a possibility that eating some kinds of chocolate could help to fight and treat diabetes, as certain compounds found in cocoa called epicatechin monomers can actually help the body release more insulin and respond to increased blood glucose better. This is according to research at Brigham Young University (BYU) in the US that was funded, in part, thanks to grants from the Diabetes Action Research and Education Foundation and the American Diabetes Association.

Diabetes UK: Alcohol study not a “green light”

31 Jul 2017 --- A recent study in which researchers from Denmark suggest that drinking moderately three or four times a week may reduce the risk of diabetes shouldn’t be taken as a “green light” to drink to excess due to the “complex” nature of the disease, according to a Diabetes UK response.

Broccoli Contains Powerful Antidiabetic Substance

19 Jun 2017 --- Research from the University of Gothenburg has identified an antioxidant – richly occurring in broccoli – as a new antidiabetic substance. The patient study shows significantly lower blood sugar levels in participants who ate broccoli extract with high levels of sulforaphane.

Vitamin A Found to Improve Function of Insulin Producing Beta Cells

14 Jun 2017 --- A new study has suggested that vitamin A improves the insulin producing β-cell´s function, for the first time pointing to a key role for vitamin A in the way the body copes with diabetes. The researchers initially discovered that insulin-producing beta-cells contain a large quantity of a cell surface receptor for vitamin A. The researchers believe that the purpose, in this particular case, is that vitamin A plays an important role for the development of beta-cells in the early stages of life, but also for a proper function during the remaining life especially during pathophysiological conditions, i.e some inflammatory conditions.

Special Report: New Ways to Cope with Diabetes

12 Jun 2017 --- Affecting approximately 380 million people worldwide, diabetes is a leading cause of range of ailments, including kidney failure, amputations, cardiovascular diseases and stroke. According to the Diabetes Research Institute, diabetes takes more lives on a yearly basis than AIDS and breast cancer combined. NutritionInsight looks at some of the most recent diabetes-related research and some of the novel approaches and solutions to tackling this condition.

Pregnancy Diet High in Refined Grains May Increase Risk of Childhood Obesity: NIH

09 Jun 2017 --- Children born to women with gestational diabetes whose diet included high proportions of refined grains may have a higher risk of obesity by age 7, compared to children born to women with gestational diabetes who ate low proportions of refined grains, according to results of a National Institutes of Health (NIH) study. These findings, which appear online in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, were part of the Diabetes & Women's Health Study, a research project led by NIH's Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

India’s Diabetes Epidemic Shifts to Poorer People in More Affluent Cities

08 Jun 2017 --- India’s diabetes epidemic is shifting, with the disease now increasingly common among people from low socio-economic backgrounds living in urban areas of the more affluent states, according to a study published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology journal. The authors say the findings should cause concern in a country where most treatment costs are paid out-of-pocket by patients, and highlight the urgent need for effective prevention measures. 

Gut Microbiota Found to be Pivotal in Treatment with Diabetes Medication

02 Jun 2017 --- A recent study at Sahlgrenska Academy and University of Girona indicates that the clinical effect of metformin is achieved through modulation of the gut microbiota, providing a clearer picture of how the classic diabetes medication works. The human body contains more bacteria than human cells. Most of these bacteria exist in the gut, which is the most densely populated ecosystem known today, where their genes (microbiome) complements our own genome with 1000-fold more genes.

Personalized Treatment for Diabetes up for Debate

24 May 2017 --- Current treatment methods for type 2 diabetes generate differences of opinion within the medical community. Some medical professionals favor a drug combination approach that could improve the quality of life for patients and reduce costs, others are concerned about the risks and side effects of this strategy and support a step-by-step method whereby one drug is used at a time depending on how the patient responds. The question "Is it time for initial combination in type-2 diabetes?" was debated at the European Congress of Endocrinology in Lisbon this week, where Prof Stefano Del Prato and Dr. Dídac Mauricio will discuss the evidence for and against combination therapy for type 2 diabetes.

 

Study Offers Further Proof That Meat is Linked to Type 2 Diabetes

20 Apr 2017 --- Plant protein is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, while people with a diet high in meat had a higher risk of developing the disease, a study by researchers from the University of Eastern Finland has found. The results of the study support the idea that the source of dietary protein may play an important role in the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Legumes Associated with Lower Risk of Diabetes

31 Mar 2017 --- Individuals with a higher consumption of legumes have up to a 35% lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those with a lower consumption. That’s according to a new study from URV's Human Nutrition Unit in collaboration with other research groups in the PREDIMED.

Study Highlights Importance of Preventing Weight Gain to Reduce Type 2 Diabetes

03 Feb 2017 --- A study of over 33,000 people, published in the journal BMC Public Health, indicates that public health strategies that aim to prevent adult weight gain in the whole population have the potential to prevent twice as many cases of type 2 diabetes as strategies that target individuals at high risk of diabetes due to being obese.

“Huge Variations” in UK Diabetes Care

01 Feb 2017 --- There are huge variations in the type of care people with diabetes are receiving, depending on where in England and Wales they live, according to new figures from the NHS.

New Type 2 Diabetes Research Center to Open in UK

30 Jan 2017 --- A Type 2 Diabetes research center is to be set up at The University of Oxford. Funding and support will be from the pharmaceutical company Novo Nordisk, who is investing around £115 million ($144.1 million) in the 10-year partnership.

Diabetes Now Accounts for 12 Percent of US Deaths, Says New Study

26 Jan 2017 --- Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and Boston University have suggested that diabetes accounts for 12 percent of deaths in the United States, a significantly higher percentage than previous research revealed. The new figures make it the third-leading cause of death after heart disease and cancer.

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