Weight Management

Can you be obese yet healthy? Individual focus must prevail in disease prevention, says study

12 Apr 2018 --- Researchers have called for the end to the term “healthy obesity” has been voiced, due to its apparent misleading and flawed meaning. Dr. William Johnson, from the School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences at Loughborough University, has emphasized that further research must be conducted to understand the differences between individuals who hold the same BMI, but suffer from different health afflictions. Essentially, this could lead to the development of more stratified disease prevention and intervention efforts that are targeted at individuals.

Are sin taxes good for public health? Lancet analysis suggests benefits for soft drinks levy

05 Apr 2018 --- Taxes on soft drinks, alcohol and tobacco – widely dubbed “sin taxes” – are a powerful response to rising rates of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) worldwide, according to a comprehensive analysis of evidence on expenditure, behavior and socio-economic status, published in The Lancet. Based on data from across the globe, the analysis presents strong evidence that taxes on unhealthy products can produce major health gains among the poorest in society – often disproportionately affected by NCDs. 

Canada-US FTA increased caloric intake and obesity rates in Canada, study finds

28 Mar 2018 --- A new study has found that the 1989 Canada-US Free Trade Agreement (CUSFTA) was associated with an increase in caloric availability of approximately 170 kilocalories per person per day in Canada. These findings, published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, suggest that the rise obesity in Canada since the early 1990s can be partially attributed to its close trade and investment arrangements with the US.

“Carb Blocker Capsules”: Protein World's marketing breaches EU code, UK agency rules

23 Mar 2018 --- The UK Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) has ruled that the marketing of “Carb Blocker Capsules” from Protein World breaches EU regulation health codes. The “Carb Blocker Capsules” were promoted via social media but two complaints challenged whether the capsules could, in fact, stop unused sugars from carbs being stored as fat in the body, as claimed. ASA stated that although the product followed certain health regulations, the accompanying market and naming were ruled to not adequately reflect the real nature of the product, and therefore, were in breach of the code.

Intermittent fasting diets could help reduce risk of cardiovascular disease

20 Mar 2018 --- The weight loss market is seeing persistent growth, pushing increased interest in dietary patterns such as intermittent energy restriction diets. Intermittent fasting diets, such as the 5:2 diet, have now been found to clear fat from the blood quicker after eating meals than daily calorie restriction diets – reducing an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, a new study in the British Journal of Nutrition reports.

Significant weight loss boosts chances for type 2 diabetes remission, stresses Diabetes UK

16 Mar 2018 --- In light of studies finding that weight loss may make remission possible in type 2 diabetics, new nutritional guidelines from Diabetes UK will encourage healthy and personalized eating patterns. Diets should be specific to patients as "there is not [a] one-size-fits-all approach" for diabetics. The guidelines are evidence-based and reflect recent research advances, chiefly of a Diabetes UK funded study called DIRECT.

US government nutrition program lacks nutritional standards, putting recipients at risk: report

15 Mar 2018 --- More than 40 million Americans who rely on a government nutrition program face major health problem risks, a new report claims. It reports that the program, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), lacks important nutritional standards. There is a growing concern over high rates of obesity and related chronic diseases in the US. States and the federal government – which together provide millions with Medicaid and Medicare – are in a unique position to make a difference, the American Heart  Association notes.

Sweet and salty chicken: UK lobby group calls for warnings on salt-laden ready meals

13 Mar 2018 --- UK lobby group Action on Salt is demanding health warnings on Chinese takeaways, and ready meals after a new survey reveals their “staggeringly high” salt levels. With some of the meals containing “as much salt as five Big Macs,” the group is calling on Public Health England (PHE) to “create a level playing field”: getting tougher on setting salt targets, making front of pack labeling mandatory and putting warning labels on restaurant menus. 

OptiBiotix partners with Cereal Ingredients to deliver weight loss formulations

09 Mar 2018 --- Life sciences company OptiBiotix has partnered with Cereal Ingredients to expand its range of products containing SlimBiome; their weight regulation microbiome modulation technology. The range – Nutri-Bites – will include breakfast cereals and bakery products. The range is advertised as blood sugar regulating, hunger alleviating and helpful for weight loss.

Little difference among diet plans’ long-term effectiveness, study shows

08 Mar 2018 --- Although different popular diets can help some people achieve modest weight loss with potential improvement in health risks, maintaining long-term weight loss remains challenging, and individuals with obesity should expect to regain weight when they stop treatment, according to a Scientific Statement by the Endocrine Society. The statement's authors examined the latest scientific evidence on a variety of diets, commercial diet plans such as Weight Watchers, exercise, obesity medications and types of bariatric surgery. Based on a review of more than 400 studies and peer-reviewed articles on obesity, the experts found all of the weight loss interventions had a high degree of variability when it came to effectiveness.

Maternal diet and obesity can cause “fatty liver” in fetus, study finds

08 Mar 2018 --- Obesity and a high-fat, high-sugar diet during pregnancy may predispose children to obesity, study finds. The study, published in The Journal of Physiology, found that such conditions create a “fatty liver” in the fetus. The observations may explain why children of obese mothers live shorter lives than the offspring of normal weight mothers. "Fatty Livers" can lead to very troubling issues including later life obesity, cancers, and metabolic and cardiovascular problems.

UK health body calls on industry to cut calories by 20 percent in aim to curb obesity 

06 Mar 2018 --- Public Health England (PHE) and the Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) have unveiled a new plan to help people cut excessive calories from their diets, as part of the government’s strategy to curb childhood and adult obesity. The health bodies are challenging the food industry to reduce calories in products consumed by families by 20 percent by 2024. The UK Food and Drink Federation has responded positively to the plan, and further highlighted its continued commitment to supporting the fight against obesity.

Bread is a great daily breakfast, says study, but make it cereal-based 

05 Mar 2018 --- Cereal-based bread is more satiating than white bread, and serves as an ideal breakfast, a new study shows. It is said that breakfast is the most important meal of the day, but many consumers skip it, or struggle to find satiating, healthy options. The bread used in the study – developed by bakery company Puratos – contains a variety of flours (wheat, oats and spelt), is enriched with soluble fiber, proteins and contains 22 percent dried fruit.

Intermittent fasting may enhance endurance when combined with moderate aerobic exercise

28 Feb 2018 --- Intermittent food deprivation paired with moderate aerobic exercise may enhance endurance, according to a study conducted on mice. The new study, published online in The FASEB Journal, suggests an alternative to eating three meals a day plus snacks for optimal health and maximum performance in endurance sports.

Sweet tooth: Kids' taste preferences could be down to genetics, study says

26 Feb 2018 --- There may well be a deeper reason behind your child reaching for crackers, cookies or veggies when hunger strikes. Genetic variants in taste receptors could play a role in children’s snacking choices. These variants determine preferences or aversions to sweet, bitter and fatty tastes. A study - conducted by researcher Elie Chamoun, member of the Guelp Family Health Study - found that nearly 80 percent of preschoolers carried at least one of these potential at-risk genotypes that could predispose them to poor snacking habits. 

Gut bacteria and obesity linked by certain amino acids in our blood, research shows

26 Feb 2018 --- Researchers at Lund University have uncovered a new link between gut bacteria and obesity. They found that certain amino acids in our blood can be connected to both obesity and the composition of the gut microbiome.

Low-fat and low-carb diets equally effective, Stanford study finds

21 Feb 2018 --- After years of debate, a new study at the Stanford University School of Medicine has found that neither a low-fat nor a low-carb diet is superior: Cutting either carbs or fats leads to a reduction of excess weight in about the same proportion, according to the study. The study also looked into whether insulin levels or a specific genotype pattern could predict an individual's success on either diet. The answer, in both cases, was no.

Vegan diet improves diabetes markers in overweight adults: study

16 Feb 2018 --- A plant-based diet improves beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity in overweight adults with no history of diabetes, according to a new study published in Nutrients by researchers from the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine. Measuring the function of beta cells, which store and release insulin, can help assess future type 2 diabetes risk.

Saturated fat and sugar can cause depression and anxiety: study

14 Feb 2018 --- A diet rich in saturated fat, such as palm oil, and sugar not only leads to obesity, but it also creates inflammation in the nucleus accumbens, a part of the brain that controls mood and the feeling of reward. This inflammation can lead to depressive, anxious and compulsive behavior and disrupt metabolism, according to a study from the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM). The discovery illustrates the vicious circle experienced by people with obesity caused by a diet rich in sugar and saturated fat, with their diet leading to negative emotions, which can stimulate the quest for more comfort through food.

Bridging the fiber gap: Tereos launches website on dietary fiber

13 Feb 2018 --- Consuming an adequate amount of fiber plays an important role in a wide range of health-related issues, by helping to reduce obesity, improve cholesterol and glycemic index levels and contribute to weight management. To educate consumers about dietary fibers, Tereos has launched a new website, which it says makes it easy to understand the company's Actilight fiber ingredient, its benefits and origin.