Children's Nutrition

One in 10 US parents say their child has gotten sick from spoiled or contaminated food

18 Dec 2018 --- Parents cite restaurants as the most common source of food sickness in kids, but just one in four check inspection reports before dining out, a report from C.S Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health at the University of Michigan has found. One in 10 parents say their child has gotten sick from spoiled or contaminated food, and foodborne illness affects more than 75 million people a year. These are often caused by toxins, parasites, viruses and bacteria – such as salmonella and E. coli – and the researchers recommend that parents use simple precautions to avoid illness, such as checking restaurant inspection reports and following food safety rules when cooking and storing food.

Promoting nutrition in school is key to mitigating child obesity, study finds

17 Dec 2018 --- School-based nutrition programs and recommendations promote healthier eating habits and result in a lower body mass index (BMI) among middle schoolers, says a recent study by the Yale School of Public Health and the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity at the University of Connecticut. The findings indicate the importance of promoting health in schools to help mitigate childhood obesity rates, note the researchers.

Scalable model for reducing anemia in girls: Indonesian study highlights collaboration as key

17 Dec 2018 --- A multi-sectoral approach that goes through the schooling system is key to reducing iron deficiency in girls, according to a project trialed in Indonesia and published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ). Seeking to implement a successful program that would be scalable in other geographic regions, the team began a project in West Java, Indonesia, which followed the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation of weekly iron-folic acid supplementation (WIFAS) to reduce anemia in adolescents aged 10-19 years and women of reproductive age.

USDA school meals overhaul means salt and refined, white flour back on the menu

10 Dec 2018 --- The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) has amended the nutrition rules for school meals established under the Administration of former US president Barack Obama, meaning that white bread and low-fat, flavored milk will be back on the menu across US school cafeterias. The move has drawn ire from nutrition advocates and think tanks but has been framed by US Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue as “empowering” and giving “flexibility” back to school cafeterias. The rule is part of USDA’s Regulatory Reform Agenda, developed in response to President Trump’s Executive Order to eliminate “unnecessary regulatory burdens.”

Whey protein among key drivers in infant nutrition purchasing, Arla study finds

06 Dec 2018 --- Mothers searching for the optimal infant nutrition product are attracted to high-quality, whey protein options that support “‘healthy growth,” according to a YouGov survey commissioned by Arla Foods Ingredients. Spanning 5,658 mothers in seven different countries, the survey sought to uncover common global themes regarding what consumers – particularly generation X and millennials – want from their breast-milk substitute products.

Preventing chronic disease: Obesity makes asthma more likely and severe in children

26 Nov 2018 --- One million cases of childhood asthma could be directly attributable to obesity, a study utilizing big data for pediatric research has found. Led by Nemours Children's Health System, the research highlights the need to prioritize addressing childhood obesity as it appears to be one of the few preventable risk factors for pediatric asthma.

Campaigners condemn ASA reversal of junk food advert ban for Kellogg’s product

21 Nov 2018 --- Breakfast cereal giant Kellogg’s has welcomed the reversal of a UK Advertising Standards Agency (ASA) junk food advert ban and called for the re-examination of the initial decision. Kellogg’s says the original judgment could have had “potential consequences” for the industry, disincentivizing food companies from developing better-for-you alternatives. The U-turn, which followed an independent review, has sparked criticism from obesity campaigners who originally brought the action against the granola advert.

The next infant formula staple? NZMP eyes milk fat globule membrane potential

21 Nov 2018 --- As scientific understanding of infant development evolves, the industry is seeing growing opportunities for infant nutrition formulas that come as close to human breast milk as possible, and which benefit aspects such as brain and immune health. In this space, NZMP, Fonterra’s B2B ingredients business, is making strides in uncovering the potential of milk fat globule membrane (MFGM).

Student lunch picks: Milk and fruit losing out to fruit juice, study finds

16 Nov 2018 --- High school students participating in school meal programs are less likely to select milk, whole fruit and water when fruit juice is available, which on balance may decrease the nutritional quality of their lunches, according to a new study by the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity at the University of Connecticut.

Fish rich diet may reduce children’s asthma symptoms, study notes

07 Nov 2018 --- Children following a healthy, Mediterranean style diet rich in fish may experience reductions in their asthma symptoms, researchers at La Trobe University have found. The findings add to a growing body of evidence on how a healthy diet can be a potential therapy for childhood asthma.

Childhood use of antibiotics and antacids linked to heightened obesity risk

02 Nov 2018 --- The gut microbiome has been linked to various aspects of human health, including obesity. Researchers at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center have now found that certain drugs, such as antibiotics, acid suppressants-histamine 2 receptor antagonists (H2RA) and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), can alter the type and volume of bacteria in the gut. These medications, which are often over-prescribed in children, may have significant negative effects on health that were previously underappreciated, the researchers note.

Lack of data on children’s nutrient intakes may hinder solving nutrition-related issues, EU study warns

31 Oct 2018 --- The lack of available data for child nutrient intake across parts of Europe could have concerning implications for the design and monitoring of nutritional policies across the EU, University of Leeds researchers have warned following a study that shows that only a third of European countries have robust reporting on child and adolescent nutrient intake.

HMOs crucial for infants in establishing life-long healthy gut, study notes

25 Oct 2018 --- The development of a healthy microbiome hinges on the first two and a half years of life, with Bifidobacterium, abundant in breast milk, shaping a healthy gut. This is among the main findings from research conducted at Newcastle University. Ultimately, the findings highlight the importance of breastfeeding and human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) – which promote a healthy gut – in breast milk substitute for infants.

GI distress may be root of some emotional disorders in autistic children, study notes

24 Oct 2018 --- Gastrointestinal (GI) distress could be the source of anger, aggression and other troubling behavioral problems in children with autism, although they are often treated as physiological issues, a study published Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders has found. GI disorders are four times more common in children with autism than in the general pediatric population.

How to boost fruit and vegetable sales? Place them at the storefront, says study

19 Oct 2018 --- Moving the location of fruit and vegetables in stores can lead to a 15 percent sales increase, a University of Warwick study has found. Researchers found that sales increased without any further messaging or marketing when the placement of fruit and vegetables changed, suggesting a simple “nudge” can lead to healthier diets for young adults. The findings, published in BMC Public Health, were based on data collected between 2012 and 2017 in a real University campus grocery store.

Children with allergies nine times more likely to develop emerging, severe chronic food allergy, warns study

16 Oct 2018 --- Children with known skin, food and respiratory allergies should be screened for an emerging, chronic food allergy called eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), warns a study published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice. Pediatric allergists who analyzed a group of children from birth to adolescence say that EoE should be considered a later component of the “allergic march” – the natural progression in which many children develop a series of allergies.

US study uncovers "continued" use of harmful ingredients in OTC dietary supplements

15 Oct 2018 --- Potentially harmful active pharmaceuticals continue to be identified in US over-the-counter (OTC) dietary supplements commonly marketed for sexual enhancement, weight loss or muscle building, according to a study published in JAMA. The researchers analyzed US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warnings from 2007 through 2016 to show that unapproved pharmaceutical ingredients were identified in 776 dietary supplements. In response, US health bodies and trade associations are calling for consumer caution and reform to ensure supplements are free from pharmaceutical contamination.

HMO expansion: Jennewein Biotechnologie to strengthen portfolio with Arthus Mineralsprings facility buy

09 0ct 2018 --- Jennewein Biotechnologie is to expand its production of human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) from its current portfolio of two products to include five more. The expansion is facilitated through the company's acquisition of the former facilities of Arthus Mineralsprings in Bad Hönningen, Germany. Jennewein plans to build a new integrated fermentation and recovery plant for the production of HMOs.

Digital marketing may increase energy drink usage among teens, study finds

05 Oct 2018 --- The digital marketing of energy drinks is more pervasive with young adults than other marketing methods, a study published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior has found, and it can also lead to increased consumption. The researchers are calling for more regulation of marketing to young adults through non-traditional avenues such as social media, as well as increased levels of nutritional education to deter them from the caffeinated beverages.

Vitamin D supplements linked to weight loss in obese children

02 Oct 2018 --- Simple vitamin D supplementation may be part of an effective strategy to tackle childhood obesity and reduce the risk of serious health problems, such as heart disease, in adulthood, according to research presented at the 57th Annual European Society for Pediatric Endocrinology Meeting. Obesity in childhood and adolescence represents a major health problem worldwide, which leads to the development of expensive, serious and debilitating complications, including heart disease and diabetes, in later life.